This review will cover the famous and influential Upton Sinclair who authored “The Profits of Religion” among other books which fit the muckraking criteria.

John Kean, a fan writes, “Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle is a vivid portrait of life and death in a turn-of-the-century American meat-packing factory. A grim indictment that led to government regulations of the food industry, it is Sinclair’s extraordinary contribution to literature and social reform. For those who think this book is not fit for high school reading because it’s “gross, boring and hard to read,” please take a moment to think. This is one of the most impactful books on American history after Appeal to Reason by Thomas Paine (for those who think that I forgot Uncle Tom’s Cabin, that had no direct effect on the abolition of slavery. It, along with Bleeding Kansas, John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Senator Brook’s attack on Sumner in Congress, the election of Abraham Lincoln, and numerous other events that led up to the secession of seven states and the form of the Confederacy ultimately leading to the Civil War.) This actually brought a direct reform on the meat packing industry. Also you must remember that you did not have a piece of contaminated meat before you opened this book and started reading. I’d bet you would be somewhat more interested in the book if you did. And of course it’s going to be gross, how else are you supposed to rouse the public to action? Bottom line, it is a vital piece of history that needs to be appreciated and understood.” http://www.online-literature.com/upton_sinclair/jungle/

Sinclair, (1878-1968), noted American muckraker, social activist, essayist, and Pulitzer Prize winning author wrote The Jungle (1906) which addressed the conditions of the American meat market. The book was credited in the later implementation of The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 which was considered a key piece of Progressive Era legislation, signed by Republican President Theodore Roosevelt the same day he signed the Federal Meat Inspection Act. Incidentally, Theodore’s fifth cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt traded welfare for Black votes and continued community support for the Democratic Party. The SNAP food stamp program began operation in 1939.

Enforcement of the Pure Food and Drug Act was assigned to the Bureau of Chemistry in the U.S. Department of Agriculture which was renamed the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1930. The Meat Inspection Act was assigned to what is now known as the Food Safety and Inspection Service that remains in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The first federal law regulating foods and drugs, the 1906 Act’s reach was limited to foods and drugs moving in interstate commerce. Although the law drew upon many precedents, provisions, and legal experiments pioneered in individual states, the federal law defined “misbranding” and “adulteration” for the first time and prescribed penalties for each. The law recognized the U.S. Pharmacopeia and the National Formulary as standards authorities for drugs, but made no similar provision for federal food standards. http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WhatWeDo/History/Origin/ucm054819.htm.

The law was principally a “truth in labeling” law designed to raise standards in the food and drug industries and protect the reputations and pocketbooks of honest businessmen. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spam_(food), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mystery_meat, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offal

Faith is what happens when you resolve to do the right thing in the midst of your fears. Faith is trusting in God who is faithful regardless of our faithfulness, otherwise, he would be inconsistent and that is not our God. Faith is also not optimism, positive thinking or having faith in faith as if faith in a lucky rabbit’s foot has the same benefit as trusting in God who knows everything. The object of the Christian’s faith is God and not faith itself nor do we believe in luck or randomness or fate or ourselves. We trust in God and not some superior social feat of human ingenuity. Without God all man’s engineering comes to naught.

“Sinclair also ran unsuccessfully for Congress as a Socialist, and was the Democratic Party nominee for Governor of California in 1934, though his highly progressive campaign was defeated rather soundly.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upton_Sinclair A clear and concise yet brief definition of social and fascism can be found at wiki answers by searching socialism and fascism similarities on Bing. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_similarities_between_liberal_democracy_fascism_and_socialism_and_what_are_the_differences

One thing that stood out in this post was this, “Socialism prefers the command economy in which the government owns everything, employs everybody, and makes all economic decisions.” It occurred to me that if our government implements social programs using the public’s sympathies for the poor, taking over the means of production it can easily employ everyone by creating more and more government jobs and then we will have a Rome situation.

“The term muckraker refers to reform-minded journalists who wrote largely for all popular magazines and continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting; muckrakers often worked to expose social ills and corporate and political corruption. Muckraking magazines—notably McClure’s of publisher S. S. McClure—took on corporate monopolies and crooked political machines while raising public awareness of chronic urban poverty, unsafe working conditions, and social issues like child labor.” Both sides prove to be corrupt as the author Sinclair’s Democratic Party used his words to promote their corrupt Socialist agenda.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muckraker, mostly associated with Progressives, Filler, Louis (1976). The Muckrakers: New and Enlarged Edition of Crusaders for American Liberalism. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 361, 367–68, 372. ISBN 0-271-01212-9. Brinkley, Alan. “Chapter 21: Rise of Progressivism”. In Barrosse, Emily. American History, A Survey (twelfth ed.). Los Angeles, CA, US: McGraw Hill. pp. 566–67. ISBN 978-0-07-325718-1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Pulitzer

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